Wed, 2010-08-25 - Thu, 2010-08-26
The Committee convened its own conference within the 21st International Congress of the Historical Sciences in Amsterdam on 25-26 August 2010.
The events leading to and arising from the Second World War, both in its European and Pacific theaters, span two decades. Fascist and imperial projects of territorial expansion and colonial domination, the exportation of political and ideological models, the reconstruction of defeated nations under the supervision of their victors, took various forms, with different levels of constraints and violence inflicted. Occupation of vast territories and areas, and even of entire nations by foreign armies and civilian authorities has been, a central constellation of the international order of the 1930s and 1940s. To a greater extent even than during and after the First World War, the post-Second World War order was determined by experiences shaped by foreign occupation: ideological commitments and affiliations, economic exploitation, social and cultural deprivation, population displacement, and resistance. Occupation delegitimated certain political regimes and vindicated others, thereby conditioning the emergence of new nation states: the independence of former colonies, the adoption of post-fascist regimes by a communist or liberal-parliamentarian system of government, and the exacerbation of national and ethnic conflicts. A common discussion on the nature and impact of the experience of occupation therefore addresses the central ambition of the International Committee for the History of the Second World War to encourage the study of these events in their widest chronological and geographical contexts.
The conference will focus on three main themes:
• Occupation: its definition, nature in different war zones and status in international law.
• The impact of occupation on civilians population
• The impact of occupation on the legitimacy of former political authorities, national and resistance movements.
In each of the panels, the organisers encourage comparisons between the European, Atlantic and the Pacific theaters of war.
Dr. Tanja Penter: Local memory on war, German occupation and Soviet postwar experiences in the Donbass region – results of an oral history project (2001-2007)
Dr. Dieter Pohl: German and Japanese Wars of Extermination 1937/41-1943
Dr Remco Raben & Professor Dr. Peter Romijn: “Friendly occupations” – Post-World War II interim military rule in Western Europe and Southeast Asia compared
Prof. Guido Samarani: Italian POWS and Internees in Occupied China, 1943-1945. An Historical Assessment
Professor Joan Beaumont: The Japanese building of the Thai-Burma railway; the perspective from Thailand
Professor Dr. Chad Denton: "Mobilizing" Metal in Wartime France: Economic collaboration and everyday life
Dr Diane Grillere: Le sud de la France sous l’occupation italienne de 1940 à 1943
Professor Dr. Kumiko Haba: The Origin of the Cold War and Hungary from 1947-1948
Dr. Michael Kim: Labor Mobilization under Occupation Regimes: The Imaginary of Compulsory Labor Service in Late Colonial Korea
Mr. Takuma Melber: Living between coercive collaboration and resistance: The Overseas Chinese community in Malaya and Singapore under the rising sun
War and Occupation
Dr. Jochen Boehler: War of Extermination - When did it begin and where dit it happen?
Professor Ping Bu: A Research Report on Japanese Use of Chemical Weapons During the Second World War
Professor. Dr. Gerhard Hirschfeld: Political Lessons or Cultural Images? The Impact of the First World War on 'Hitler's Europe
Professor Dekun Hu: Japan’s Policy (1937—1945)on the Battlefield behind Enemy Lines of CPC in the Japanese Occupied Areas in China